Emerging Techniques

In addition to BAT for industrial activities, the BREFs also mention emerging techniques. These are novel techniques that, if they are developed commercially, can provide either a higher overall level of environmental protection, or at least the same level of environmental protection with greater cost savings than existing BAT.

Below you will find the list of emerging techniques listed in the various BREFs. The full BREF can also be consulted here.


Waste treatment industries

Waste incineration industry

Large volume inorganic chemicals - Ammonia, acids & fertilisers

Large volume inorganic chemicals - Solids & others

Production of speciality inorganic chemicals

Common waste water and waste gas treatment / 
management systems in the chemical sector

Large volume organic chemicals

Production of Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide (CLM)

Production of Chlor-alkali

Emissions from storage (of bulk or dangerous materials)

Energy efficiency

Ferrous Metals Processing Industry

Smitheries and foundries

In review

Manufature of glass

Iron and steel production

Intensive rearing of poultry and pigs

Ceramic Manufacturing Industry

In review

Tanning of hides and skins

Non-ferrous metals industries

Emerging techniques for surface treatment using solvents and preservation of wood and wood products with chemicals

Surface treatment of metals and plastics

In review

Manufacture of organic fine chemicals


Wood-based Panels Production

Production of pulp, paper  and board

Refining of Mineral Oil and Gas

Slaughterhouses and animal by-products

Large combustion plants

Textiles industry

Food, drink and milk industries