The IPPC-directive (directive concerning integrated pollution prevention and control, 96/61/EG, codified 2008/1/EG) obligates the EU member states to regulate large environmental polluting companies with an integrated permit which is based on the best available techniques (BAT). The IPPC-directive concerns all installations where one or more of the activities included in annex I of the directive.
The IPPC-directive is followed up by the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU). This is an integration of the IPPC-Directive with the large combustion plants directive, the Waste Incineration Directive, the Solvent Directive and three Directives on the manufacture of titanium dioxide. The Industrial Emissions Directive entered into force 6 January 2011. The EU-members have two years to implement the Directive in the national legislation and regulations. The scope of the Industrial Emissions Directive has been extended compared to the original IPPC-directive.
As part of the IPPC-directive and the Industrial Emissions directive, the BAT-reference documents (BREFs) will be set up on a European level. These BREFs give an overview per industrial activity of what BAT are and which environmental performances can be achieved with BAT. A change in the Industrial Emissions Directive compared to the IPPC-directive is the use of BAT-conclusions.