Emerging Techniques

The BREF documents do not only describe BAT for industrial activities, but also emerging techniques. These are novel techniques that, if commercially developed, could provide either a higher general level of protection of the environment or at least the same level of protection of the environment and higher cost savings than existing best available techniques.

Ceramic Manufacturing Industry (CER)  
Common waste water and waste gas treatment / 
management systems in the chemical sector
Emissions from storage (of bulk or dangerous materials) (EFS)  
Energy efficiency (ENE)  
Ferrous metals processing industry (FMP) in review
Food, drink and milk industries (FDM) in review
Intensive rearing of poultry and pigs (IRPP)  
Iron and steel production (IS)  
Large combustion plants (LCP)  
Large volume inorganic chemicals - Ammonia, acids & fertilisers (LVIC-AAF)  
Large volume inorganic chemicals - Solids & others (LVIC-S)  
Large volume organic chemicals (LVOC)  
Manufacture of organic fine chemicals (OFC)  
Manufature of glass (GLS)  

Non-ferrous metals industries (NFM)

Polymers (POL)  
Production of Chlor-alkali (CAK)  
Production of speciality inorganic chemicals (SIC)  

Production of Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide (CLM)


Production of pulp, paper and board (PP)

Refining of Mineral Oil and Gas (REF)  
Slaughterhouses and animal by-products (SA)  
Smitheries and foundries (SF)  
Surface treatments using organic solvents (STS) in review
Surface treatment of metals and plastics (STM)  
Tanning of hides and skins (TAN)  
Textiles industry (TXT) in review
Waste incineration (WI) in review
Waste treatment industries (WT) in review
Wood-based Panels Production